New Scheme: National Mission for Clean Ganga
Objectives of National Mission for Clean Ganga
The Government of India organized the Mission for Clean Ganga at Delhi’s Vigyan Bhavan. National Mission for Clean Ganga focuses on pollution reduction interventions including interception, diversion, and the treatment of wastewater that flows through the open drains.
Some of the major objectives of the Mission for Clean Ganga are:
2. To maintain the continuity of the water flow without changing the natural season variation
3. To restore and maintain the surface flow and groundwater.
4. To regenerate and maintain the natural vegetation of the area.
5. To conserve and regenerate the aquatic biodiversity as well as the riparian biodiversity of the river Ganga basin.
6. To allow participation of the public in the process of protection, rejuvenation, and management of the river.
Initiatives towards Clean Ganga
A lot of initiatives were taken before the establishment of the Clean Ganga Mission that targeted the reduction of pollution and cleaning of the river Ganga. Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government of India before the
implementation of this mission are discussed below:
National River Conservation Plan: This conservation plan was developed as an extension of the Ganga Action Plan with an aim to cover all the major rivers of India.
National River Ganga Basin Authority (NRGBA): Controlled by the Prime Minister of India, the National River Ganga Basin Authority was formed under Section-3 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986 by the Central Government in 2009. It declared the Ganga as the ‘National River’ of India.
A Government clean-up campaign was started in 2010 to prevent the entry of untreated municipal sewage or industrial runoff into the river.
What is Namami Gange?
This program was established as a conservation mission with a budget of Rs. 20,000 crore. Namami Gange aims at reducing the pollution of the river Ganga along with the conservation and rejuvenation of the river banks.
It is a flagship program under the Union Government. The main pillars of the
1. Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure & Industrial Effluent Monitoring.
2. Development of river-front as well as river-surface cleaning.
3. Bio-Diversity & Afforestation.
4. Public Awareness.
National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection, and Management of River Ganga, also known as the National Ganga Council replaced National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA). NGBRA was dissolved on 7th October 2016.
World Bank Funding – Building Infrastructure along Tributaries of River Ganga
Under the National Ganga River Basin Project, World Bank has approved funds to the tune of US $ 600 million for the development of Infrastructure projects along river Ganga. The loan would be for a period of five years, till December 2026. The first World Bank project had assisted in building important infrastructure for management of Sewage water in 20 hotspots along the River Ganges. The most recent funds provided by World Bank will help in building infrastructure along important tributaries of the River Ganges like River Yamuna and River Kali.
Collaboration with Germany
India had also joined hands with Germany to rejuvenate Ganga as the country’s Ministry of Water Resources and German International Cooperation (GIZ), owned by the German Federal Government signed an agreement in this regard. In August 2017, Germany officially sealed an aid deal of ₹900 crores during a meeting between its Ambassador to India Dr. Martin Ney, and Uttarakhand’s chief minister Trivendra Singh Rawat. Overall, the EU state has pledged the assistance of 120 million Euros, or ₹100 crores, to the state of Uttarakhand, where the river originates.